So many jobs tochoose from!
The last year ofhigh school is a time for hard work and also a time for reflect.
At this time,you have to start thinking about the future and what you want to do aftergraduation.
In this article,I am going to discuss some of the choices available to you
and which jobsare best suited to you: popular careers, more unusual jobs or everyday jobs.
When choosing acareer, you should consider all the aspects of a job.
Some jobs mayseem very dull but are very important to society,
while others canappear very exciting but are actually very difficult and boring.
One example isthe so-called “glamorous job” of being a model or an actor.
Would you liketo be famous, wear diamonds; go to parties and relax on cushions in privatejets or helicopters?
In reality,these people have to spend long hours travelling, with all their baggage packedin suitcases or trunks,
and only a verysmall number of them are successful.
Many actors,actresses and models hold ordinary, less glamorous jobs, often working aswaiters and waitresses, in order to support themselves.
Meanwhile, thosewho are successful and famous have to deal with constant media attention.
They are alsounder huge pressure to儿童散学归来早,译林版高中英语选修11,燕窝是什么 appear young and beautiful.
Most actors andmodels are always on a diet, and many have had painful operations to make theirfaces and bodies look more attractive.
It does not seemthat glamorous now, does it?
Maybe a careeras a local grocer would be a better option.
Other popularprofessions for young people include careers in law or business.
Many people haveambitions to become successful as a lawyer or business person,
but they do notconsider the stress and pressure that come with these jobs.
These can bewell-paid and interesting jobs, but you also have to work very long hours.
Also, sometimesas a boss in the business world, you have to make difficult decisions that hurtpeople,
and lawyers canface tough moral issues.
On the otherhand, some people find more unusual jobs that are better suited to theirtalents and interests.
A few years ago,when I was walking in the Grand Canyon National Park in the USA, I met a manwho had a very unusual job.
He was living bya stream in a tent surrounded by technical equipment,
and his onlyneighbours were the birds and squirrels in the nearby trees.
His job was tocheck noise pollution in the park zones.
He lovedcamping, and his job was like a holiday for him.
It was very easyto see that he enjoyed doing his job.
There are manyother people doing unusual jobs,
such as a personwho tastes beer at a brewery and probably consumes one litre of beer per week,
a person whodesigns fireworks and a person who tests rides for amusement parks.
All these peoplelove their jobs, which might not be popular, but are interesting regardless.
In the same way,many ordinary jobs may look plain, but they are as necessary to society.
As we go throughour daily lives, we meet many different kinds of people - shopkeepers, who sellus things in shops;
drivers, whodrive trams and buses transporting us around the city;
barbers, who cutour hair in barbershops, and cleaners, who clear up our rubbish.
These jobs maynot seem very attractive, but they are all important.
For example, ifno one was to collect the rubbish,
the streetswould soon become very dirty, the number of rats would increase, and diseasewould spread.
These people,who perform such ordinary but vital tasks, allow others to go about their dailylives.
When you thinkabout your future career,
remember thatsome glamorous jobs can be rather difficult and that some ordinary jobs can bequite important.
All of themtogether, though, help society function.
What is yourideal job?
Read each pointand circle the alternatives which describe what you think or like to do.
For each point,you can choose more than one answer.
There are noright or wrong answers.
Now look at youranswers and figure out how many times you have chosen
The lettersrepresent different types of people.
Find the letterwhich you chose the most often and look at the 儿童散学归来早,译林版高中英语选修11,燕窝是什么description which correspondswith it on the next page.
This will tellyou what type of person you are and what careers would probably suit you best.
If there was noone letter clearly chosen most, look at the two letters most often chosen.
a Realistic(people who like to do things)
These peoplehave practical or athletic abilities and prefer to work with objects, machines,plants and animals or to be outdoors.
b儿童散学归来早,译林版高中英语选修11,燕窝是什么us driver,butcher, greengrocer, carpenter, chef, firefighter, machine operator, sailorand tailor.
b Investigative(people who like to think)
These peoplelike to observe, learn, analyse, evaluate and solve problems.
chemist,dentist, engineer, physicist and software engineer.
c Artistic(people who like to creat things)
These peoplehave artistic abilities
and like to workin free and open situations (without regular office hours) using their dreamsand creative ideas.
actor,architect, dancer, photographer, theatre studies/music/language teacher,pianist, violinist and writer
d Social (peoplewho like to help others)
These peoplelike to work with people to educate, inform, help, train or cure them.
librarian, maid,nurse, police officer, stewardess and teacher.
e Enterprising(people who like lead)
These peopletake great pleasure in influencing and persuading others, or leading ormanaging 三体三死神永生an organization.
hotel manager,journalist, lawyer, salesman/saleswoman, shopkeeper and travel agent.
f Conventional(people who like to organize things)
These people aretalented at administration, like to work with data and can carry out tasks orfollow other people’s instructions.
accountant,clerk, secretary, typist and telephone operator.
Tips for jobinterview
Good morning,everyone. In this session, I’ll be talking about how to get the job you reallywant.
We’re going tolook at what to do if you’re asked to go for an interview.
Before we go anyfurther, it’s important to understand what an interview is and why it’sarranged.
An interview isa talk between an employer and a potential employee.
so that theinterviewer can assess the applicant and see if he or she is萨拉斯瓦蒂 suitable for theposition.
However, it alsoprovides an opportunity for the job candidates to find out more about the joband the company,
and to askthemselves, “Is it right for me?”
We can split theinterview process into three parts:
first,preparation; second, the interview itself; and finally, what you should doafter the interview.
Let’s look atthe first part - preparation.
This is the keyto getting the job you want.
Find out as muchas you can about the company.
Most companieshave a website that tells you most things you need to know.
A goodinterviewer is able to tell if you’ve done your homework about the company, somake sure you have!
Next, thinkabout some of the questions you might be asked and how to best answer them.
Or better yet,do practice interviews with a friend.
This allows youto prepare good answers and means you won’t have to answer questions off the topof your head during the interview.
Don’t worryabout having butterflies in your stomach before the interview.
If you’veprepared properly, you’ll feel confident.
It’s not like apainful trip to the dentist, so there’s no need to be afraid.
Firstimpressions are important,
Make sure youget a good night’s rest. so that you will be refreshed and not yawn during theinterview.
And gentlemen,make sure you’ve used your razor or electric shaver to give yourself a goodshave that morning.
You should makesure that your hair looks neat--you should even get a haircut, if necessary.
It’s also veryimportant to wear clothes that make you feel confident;
your clothesshould be smart, but conservative.
The interviewerwill begin to judge you as soon as he or she sees you in the waiting room.
Wearing a pairof shorts and a T-shirt is certainly not suitable for an interview!
When you set offfor your appointment, make allowance for the traffic and make sure you are ontime, or even a little bit early.
Arriving late isone of the worst things you can do.
The interviewerwill not care about how bad the traffic was at the roundabout or how you hadtrouble finding parking;
there’s never agood excuse for being late.
During theinterview, remember to be enthusiastic.
Smile when youshake hands with the interviewer, and look him or her in the eye.
This is one ofthe quickest ways of making a bond.
It also givesthe impression that you’re confident even if you feel quite nervous.
You should alsouse body language to express yourself.
Nod your headwhen you agree with something or wag your head when you don’t.
Keep your backstraight and don’t move around too much.
Otherwise, theinterviewer might think you’re nervous or uncomfortable.
Listen to thequestions the interviewer asks and answer them well.
And don’t forgetthat an interview is a chance for you to learn more about the job.
Asking questionswill show that you’re interested.
But don’t thinkthat there’s nothing else you can do once the interview is over.
You shouldfollow it up by writing and thanking them for giving you the interview.
This is not onlya polite gesture, but also a final chance to sell yourself to the company.
It can also giveyou the edge over other candidates, so remember to check your spelling,punctuation and grammar.
If you followthe advice I’ve given you today, landing a job should be as easy as pie.
I wish you allthe best. Good luck!
Mind the gap
By tradition, astudent leaving school at eighteen would go straight to university and studyfor three or four years
before joiningthe world of work and beginning the slow climb up the career ladder.
However, thisyear, like last year and the year before,
thousands ofyoung people will travel to every point of the compass
and work onprojects f儿童散学归来早,译林版高中英语选修11,燕窝是什么or up to a year before returning to the UK to enter university.
They could workas an English teacher in Vietnam
or perhaps evenwork in a nature reserve in Africa.
In fact, theseyoung people can now be found nearly everywhere in the world except theAntarctic.
This year offbetween finishing school and starting university is known as a gap year.
It is more thanjust a long holiday.
The Britishgovernment is now providing funds to some young people to help them take a gapyear.
Universitiesencourage students to take a year off before entering university,
and more andmore companies say they prefer to hire graduates who have taken a gap year
rather thanthose who stay in the education system and go straight from school touniversity.
The reason forthis preference is simple.
A gap year givesyoung people an opportunity to learn skills and gain life experience thatschool or university cannot provide.
It helps youngpeople develop and grow.
Last year, CarolSmith went from the UK to Brazil, where she worked on a project to help savethe Amazon rainforest.
She said, “Myfriends always thought I was too delicate,
but living awayfrom home in such a remote place taught me to be more independent.
Of course, Imissed home, but I’d definitely recommend it.
I feel like I’vereally made a difference and helped the rainforest.”
Daniel Jones,another student who chose to take a gap year, spent one year teaching in Ghanabefore returning to the UK.
He taughtEnglish and maths to poor students in the countryside.
He found livingamong local people there to be challenging but worthwhile.
“Families thereare so poor that they didn’t even have basic things like refrigerators orkettles.
In fact, theydidn’t have any electricity.
At night, wecouldn’t just hit a light switch; we had to use a flashlight or an old oillantern to give us some light.
After living insuch conditions, now I feel I’m ready to face challenges in the future.”
Martin Johnsonis from the UK and helped build a school in a poor part of India.
He said hewanted to learn how to deal with difficult situations.
Explaining howthey made most of the school’s furniture, he said, “We had some wood, nails,hammers and a lot of hard-working people.”
Martin said hehad learnt a lot by working with the local people,
“I helped peopleharvest their crops, which was something I had never done before.
It was veryspecial, being part of another culture.”
For manystudents, a gap year teaches them how to work with a group of strangers
and how to lookafter themselves without the help of family or friends.
These areexactly the sort of skills companiess are looking for.
Nowadays, theyexpect young people to have more than just academic qualifications.
Mr. Biggins, themanager of a major finance company, welcomes the extra experience that a gapyear can bring to new workers.
“We usually findthat students who have been on a gap year are better able to work withoutneeding direction,
and they tend towork better with colleagues from different backgrounds.”
It is nowaccepted that a gap year is more than just a year away from studying.
It is a time forpersonal growth and development, learning new skills and seeing life in adifferent way.
When studentsstart university, they are enthusiastic and have much motivation.
As well ashaving a good time and making new friends, taking a gap year may give studentsan edge in the job market.
Sir CliveSinclair -- the man who brought technology to the man in the street
Today’sprogramme is about Sir Clive Sinclair, a famous British businessman andinventor.
Sinclair wasborn in Surrey, England, on 30 July 1940.
He spent much ofhis childhood with his grandfather and father, who were both engineers.
As a result, hebegan designing and making things when he was very young.
Sinclair wasmostly self-educated, preferring to spend time studying by himself rather thanat school with classmates.
By the time hewas ten years old,
his teachers athis primary school said that he was alread邝宝强y so good at geometry and algebrathat they could not teach him anything more, so he moved on to high school.
After highschool, he decided that university would teach him nothing new易沙候.
Therefore, atthe age of 17, he got a job as an assistant editor for a radio magazine thatwas full of diagrams of electrical circuits.
In 1961,Sinclair resigned from his job and founded his own company, producingpocket-sized radios.
However, the manproviding the money to start the company pulled out of the project at the lastminute, and Sinclair had to get a job as a technical editor to support himself.
Meanwhile, heworked to build the company in his spare time.
When his companyfinally began production and put out advertisements for his radio, demand washigh and the business simply took off.
Sinclair wasvery good at making little things.
In addition tohis pocket-sized radio, Sinclair produced the world’s first pocket calculatorin 1972, the first digital watch in 1976, and the first pocket TV the followingy儿童散学归来早,译林版高中英语选修11,燕窝是什么ear.
Many of hisearly products were sets of parts that amateurs could put together, to makethings such as radios.
However,Sinclair’s greatest achievements were in the field of personal computer.
In January 1980,Sinclair introduced the ZX80 computer曾宇男.
This was thefirst computer in the world to cost less than ￡100.
Within eightmonths, Sinclair had sold more than 20,000 ZX80 computers.
His next computer,the ZX81, was an even bigger hit, and his company’s receipts grew by 600% overthe previous year.
In all, hiscompany sold 1,000,000 ZX81 computers in the first two years of production.
Sinclairintroduced the ZX Spectrum computer in 1982.
For nearly tenyears, this was the best-selling computer in Britain.
Most of thepeople who work in the field of computer technology in Britain today grew upusing the ZX Spectrum.
Although it wasmarketed as a computer that could be used to make computer programs, its mainadvantage was that it was good for playing computer games on.
During the1980s, Sinclair experienced his first big failure, with the Sinclair C5.
This was athree-wheeled vehicle which used batteries and had an electric motor.
Since it did notuse petrol for fuel, it was better for the environment than a car.
However, it wasvery slow, small and low to the ground, making it look more like a children’stoy rather than a proper vehicle for an adult.
Further, it wasnot powerful enough to go up hil儿童散学归来早,译林版高中英语选修11,燕窝是什么ls, gave no protection from Britain’s frequentrain, and did not look very safe.
The newspapersthought his new invention was ridiculous, and he could only sell about 12,000of these vehicles.
Sinclair’sreputation suffered as a result, but he is still respected for his earliersuccesses.
By the end ofthe 1980s, Sinclair had tired of his various businesses, and was throwing himselfinto British Mensa, a club for clever people.
He was itschairman from 1980 to 1997, and Mensa’s membership figures boomed under hisdirection.
His managing skillsand strength of personality made the society a very well-known organization.
Though Sinclairhas slowed down a bit in recent years, he is still inventing and selling newthings.
His latest productis a bicycle that can be folded up small enough to fit into a bag.
Such a bicyclehelps the environment and it useful for office workers who want to cycle to andfrom work.
Sinclair hasbeen successful because he possesses both the intelligence and a firm will tosucceed.
Sinclair has hada full and interesting life. I hope that you田口久美 have enjoyed his story in today’sprogramme.
My father, myhero
I consider myfather to be the most important person in my life.
This is notbecause he is famous or wealthy.
We do not have abig car, and there are no old, expensive vases or paintings in our house.
Rather, what Ivalue about my father is the care and love he shows for m唐郁梦e and my family.
What blesses myfather most is being able to put food on the table and a roof over our heads.
My father mightwork hard, but he is always there for us.
Whenever I tripor hurt myself playing sports, he’s there to pick me up.
My brother and Igrew up with his constant care and the funny nursery rhymes and stories he toldus.
My father’sfamily came to the USA from China, and they were quite poor when he was achild.
He once told mehis mom used pins to hold his shirt together when he went to school.
When he was onlyfourteen years old, he had to leave school and start working
because mygrandfather died, leaving no money and a big family behind.
If he had notworked, there would have been no one to support the family.
When my motherand father got married, they did not have much money.
The situationgot worse when they had children.
When we were veryyoung, my father had an extra job as a hotel porter,
and he alsomopped the floor of a hotel every night so that he could give us a specialtreat or a vacation.
At the start oflast year, my father began putting at least fifty cents every day into a jar ona shelf in his bedroom.
We all wonderedwhat he was saving the money for, but he refused to tell us.
Then, inDecember, I noticed that the jar was empty.
That evening, myfather came home with some great Christmas presents, including candy, balloonsand a huge turkey for our Christmas dinner.
It was the bestChristmas ever.
My father alsohelps our local community.
As chairman ofthe community center, he has set up a committee to help senior citizens in thearea.
This committeecooks and delivers healthy meals to the senior citizens who are too old to cookfor themselves, or too poor to buy good food.
My father alsohelps arrange a Sunday brunch at the community center so that the seniorcitizens can get together with their friend.
I also knowsomething about my father that he does not tell anyone.
A few years ago,one of his best friends passed away.
Last year, myfather met his friend’s son and found out that the family was too poor to sendthe son to school,
so my fathergave him money so that he could continue his studies.
After that, myfather set up an organization to help students with money problems.
He has receivedmoney from some big companies and makes sure that the money is used to helpstudents in real need.
My father hasbeen successful as he never shrinks from helping others.
People also likehim because he often has a smile on his face.
He is optimisticand finds good in all situations.
He is great atproblem-solving,
and his favoritephrases are “Don’t worry! It’s not worth it” and “It will be all right - justyou wait and see”.
He is alwaysright!
While my fatheris old now with grey hair and wrinkles, but he still has a lot of dignity.
No matter whatjob he has to do, he does it well, and I think that helps him be who he is.
I have learntfrom him the need to be patient and honest, and to care for other people.
My father hasmade me confident to be myself as well.
From him, I havelearnt that one person can really make a difference.
by Qin Xiaoyong
First, I wouldlike to say hello to you all.
I think some ofyou might remember me, as I used to be the captain of the school football team.
This past May Icompleted my first year at university in Canada, and I have learnt a lot.
I am writingthis article to give you a quick preview of what to expect from university lifeeither in China or abroad.
There were manythings that I needed to do to prepare for university.
I had to decidewhich university to apply to and what course to study, and then I needed to geta passport and visa to study abroad.
I found thatchoosing a university abroad can be difficult.
After lookingthrough numerous brochures and college catalogues, I decided on the Universityof Calgary,
where I chose tostudy psychology, which is the study of the mind and how it influencesbehaviour.
Moving to Canadameant making some big adjustments to my life.
Although I kneweverybody has to leave their nest at some point,
leaving myfamily was the hardest part, and some people cannot handle being away fromhome.
To help myselfadjust, I set up e-mail addresses for my mum and dad so that I could e-mailthem regularly.
However, duringmy first year at university,
I was so busystudying and meeting new people that I did not write to my family as often as Ishould have.
When I went homefor the holidays, I felt a bit like a lost son returning.
Another bigchange was the food.
When I firstcame to Canada, I found the food a bit strange.
I did not likeeating so much meat or food that had been fried.
Now I am gettingused to Canadian food, and believe it or not, my new favourite food is peppersteak.
Before I lefthome, my mother showed me how to use a stove and a rice cooker,
and she taughtme how to cook some simple dishes such as noodles, fried bean curd and garlicwith vegetables.
Now, whenever Iwant to eat Chinese food, I can cook for myself, though usually I do all of mycooking in the microwave.
I like drinkingtea a lot, so I have some cups and saucers in my lounge and a Thermos to taketea to class with me.
My mother alsotaught me how to do laundry and how to avoid shrinking my clothes.
Living on myown, I also learnt to吴山居工作账 control the amount of money I spend each week.
I think it is agood idea to put some of your money away each week to make it last.
All these thingshave helped me become more independent.
Moving to Canadafor higher education has been exciting, but I have been very busy.
On the first dayof term, there were crowds of people in the dormitory, all looking for wherethey should go.
My room was onlypartly furnished and had no bathroom - it just had a basin and a hook for atowel.
The kitchen wasso small that I joked with my friends that it could be measured in millimetres!
I also met myroom-mate, who is really nice.
He is here to studyscience, and he seems to know everything about it, from astronomy to minerals.
He has differentclasses and a different schedule from mine.
At university,students in different departments go to different classes at different times.
Universitystudents also have a lot of free time for personal study, sports or justrelaxing during the day.
My Canadianfriends introduced me to baseball.
Although Ireally enjoy it, I am not very good with a bat or a baseball glove.
When you areplanning for university, look forward instead of backward.
Going touniversity is an adventure, so you should not be afraid, but just dive rightin.
My advice to youis to prepare and think ahead so that you can have an easier time in making thechange from home to university,
If you have anyother questions, do not hesitate to write to me.
My e-mailaddress is email@example.com.
ZhenhuaUniversity---your home away from home
ZhenhuaUniversity is a university set in its own grounds just outside 六幺水调家家唱下一句the city.
Although it issmall, it is a wonderful place to continue your education.
The grounds havea fountain and places where you can walk, sit and re儿童散学归来早,译林版高中英语选修11,燕窝是什么lax.
Here at Zhenhua,we realize that if you work hard, you also need to play hard.
Therefore, aswell as advancing your education,
we also havesome of the best university sports teams in the country.
What doesZhenhua have to offer you?
The range ofcourses is very wide and, of course, includes the traditional courses of artsand science.
There are alsoother courses such as Information Technology, Communications, and Film andMedia Studies.
You can studywith us and obtain your bachelor’s degree, your master’s degree and even yourPhD.
Our universityoffers seventy degree programmes.
Just visit ourwebsite to find out more.
Currently,Zhenhua has 20 research institutes or centres.
The universityhas tried to provide students with knowledge and skills to help them in thefuture careers.
Zhenhua isworking to make itself the premier place for enquiry and research.
We also haveexchange programmes that allow Zhenhua students to travel all over the world
and studentsfrom other countries to come and study with us.
Beneath thearches of Zhenhua, we have over 11,500 students.
We believe thatall students should work hard and make good use of their time here.
This means thatour schedule is arranged carefully for each student.
It includes 20hours of classes a week in your chosen course.
All classes areorganized so that students can attend seminars as well as lectures.
In addition, wehave two hours a week for writing essays and reports,
two hoursfocusing on sharpening debating skills and two hours of sport.
We encourageeach student to take up a new sport or to try a new form of exercise.
In the firstyear, you will also have lectures on how to study and how to do research.
This will helpyou gain the most from your university education and make the most of yourtime.
Besides this,there are a number of after-class activities you can attend,
including speechcompetitions, musical concerts and dance parties.
There are alsomany clubs that you can join, for example, the sport club and the chess club.
Zhenhua has alarge modern library and four restaurants.
We havedormitories with TV and hot water, lecture halls and study rooms, computerrooms with Internet connection,
a swimming pool,a recreation centre for students, a clinic and also a guest house for parentswho come to visit.
The dormitoriesare some of the best in the country.
They are verylarge and equipped with showers, with two to four students sharing a room.
The universityalso operates a shuttle to and from the city centre,
and at the endof each term, we arrange coaches to other major cities to send students backhome.
The admissionrequirements for Zhenhua are about the same as those for many otheruniversities in China.
We promise thatwe will help you get the best out of your education to ensure you a bright future.
Choose Zhenhua,and you will truly find a new home away from home.